Addiction Survey Results, Analysis, and Actual Action Steps for Parents.
(In this report, the term addict includes anyone with a substance use disorder. This may be drug addiction and alcoholism.)
This report is based on the results of three in-depth surveys and many follow up interviews. I included parents, adult children in active addiction or recovery, and recovery professionals. I present the data and then offer action steps for parents in this situation.
This work was done for one purpose: to identify how parents of adult children with substance use disorders can actually help their children.
These same strategies also apply in two other situations.
- The child has a mental health issue.
- The person with the addiction or mental health issue is not your child.
Topics covered are:
This is a consolidated report. It compiles and analyzes data from all three surveys. Results from each survey are not analyzed in isolation. Instead, data is considered in context with the data from the other groups of respondents. This approach provides a more complete and balanced picture.
So, let’s dig right into what I learned and how this what I learned can help you.
Looking at the Raw Numbers
Adult children and recovery professionals were asked very similar questions.
“What would you like your parent to know (or have known) about your addiction/alcoholism? “
“What would you like parents to know about their adult child's addiction/alcoholism?”
I’ve analyzed all the responses and grouped similar responses to identify those things the people responding want parents to know.
The top 5 things respondents want parents to know are:
- Give me boundaries + give me love and kindness.
- Parents: Please get help for yourself.
- No one else can fix me and I have to be ready in order to get well.
- This is not your fault; you did not cause my disease.
- Addiction is a disease I have; it is not a moral failing.
The Top 5 Things Respondents Want Parents to Know
There are three graphs below. Each one shows the percentage of the people who want parents to know each of these five things.
Graph 1 combines answers. This graph includes both adult children and recovery professionals. It shows how the group as a whole ranked each of the 5 things they want parents to know.
Graph 2 is just the answers from adult children. This graph shows what the adult children want their parents to know.
Graph 3 Is just answers from recovery professionals. This graph shows what the professionals want parents to know.
You’ll notice that the five things people want parents to know are identical for both surveys.
You’ll also notice that some of the answers are ranked higher by one group and lower by the other group. We’ll talk about the differences in ranking a little later in this report.
Analysis of the Top 5 Things Respondents Want Parents to Know
The Oh-So-Clear 1st Place Winner:
“Give Me Boundaries +
Give Me Love and Kindness.”
Let’s break this into 2 parts and talk about boundaries first.
91% - yep, that’s almost everyone in the adult children and recovery professional groups. 91% talk about boundaries, enabling, and the struggles parents face in deciding on the “right” boundaries for their family.
(Editorial note: Personally, I don’t think there is one right boundary answer. Every family is different.)In the same breath, almost everyone points out that what is needed is loving boundaries and kind, supportive behavior from parents.
This Sets Up the Great Boundaries Divide
So what exactly is this Great Boundaries Divide?
- Adult children say they need their parents to set boundaries and not enable their addiction.
- Recovery professionals agree with the adult children. Professionals mention this over and over as the thing they most want parents to know.
- 65% of the parents report that setting and holding effective boundaries is one of their biggest challenges.
So, both adult children and recovery professionals insist that boundaries are essential. There is absolutely no doubt about that.
And yet most parents report that they struggle to set and hold boundaries.
This difference between what the adult children need and what the parents know how to do sets up what I call the Great Boundaries Divide.
The feelings and challenges of everyone are both understandable and natural.
As parents, our whole being tells us to be there for our children. Our emotions scream at us to put a Band-Aid on a bloody knee. We want to hold them when they are sad. We want to help them through their difficulties. We love them.
I Call This the Mom Code
or the Dad Code.
It is who we are! It is what we do!
It is how society often expects us to behave!
Parents are judged badly by the uninformed all around us when we don’t behave the way society expects.
And parents often judge themselves harshly as well.
And that leads many parents to feel like they are failures as parents. Yet….
...Addicts see it differently. Addicts say that every time someone rescues them, they have one less opportunity to feel the pain of their actions.
With each parental rescue, the addict once again escapes the logical consequences of their choices.
And that means the addicted person loses yet another opportunity to choose a different path for themselves. And one more opportunity to choose recovery is lost and cannot be reclaimed.
Here are just a few of the moving and crystal-clear quotes from the adult children themselves. They tell us over and over that what they need are real boundaries.
Pretty darn moving, and I have hundreds more comments just like these.
The Problem is that Setting and Holding REAL Boundaries is So Challenging for Parents.
It is hard for parents to decide what their individual boundaries should be.
It is challenging for parents to hold those boundaries when their child is in pain.
And there is a chaos that comes with addiction. And that chaos seems to constantly change what is happening in our child’s world.
And because of this chaos, our child is constantly asking us for something more ... different ... better …. And we are being asked to respond quickly and “help” over and over and over.
Add to that the fact that my research shows that there is little specific help available for parents on HOW to set and hold REAL boundaries.No real usable step by step process or system for how to set and hold effective boundaries ….
It is clear that effectively setting and holding powerful boundaries IS our children’s best chance for recovery. Both the adult children and the professionals are telling us this is true. They are saying it clearly and loudly.
Now Let’s Talk About the Second Part of What Almost Everyone Wants Parents to Know:
Applying the Boundaries a Parent Chooses with Love and Kindness
Both adult children and recovery professionals point this out again and again. Boundaries need to be offered in a kind and loving way. Adult children do not need to feel abandoned or like “trash”. Adult children need to know, really know, that they are loved. They need to know that when they are ready to choose recovery, their family will be there for them. They are still loved. Their behavior is not tolerated, but they themselves are still loved.
Adult children need to be treated with respect and without sarcasm, hurtful comments, or scorn.
And 54% of the parents say they can no longer communicate in an effective way with their child.
It is hard to talk to someone in active addiction. The conversations don’t make sense to those of us who are well. And if you are like me, you feel your child is only in contact with you when he wants something. You may feel manipulated and used.
When a parent feels manipulated and used, it is hard to communicate with love and respect. When a child is in active addiction, even if the parent tries to communicate with love and respect, their words may appear to fall on deaf ears.
The addicts want parents to know that the parents’ words of love and support are being heard…. even when their child is too far in the disease of addiction to say so.
The addicts want the parents to know that they always love and value them. It’s just that their disease of addiction does not allow them to show it. And the addicts want parents to know that one of the addict’s greatest pains is seeing how much they hurt their parents and families.
So, the takeaway is to keep trying to communicate with love and kindness. But not to confuse love and kindness with enabling. There are books and coaches that can help us. We can learn how to have difficult conversations with as much grace and ease as possible in this painful situation.
Here are what some adult children have to say.
So How the Heck Do You Set Effective Boundaries AND Do It with Love and Kindness?
The real challenge we face as parents is how to deliver effective boundaries with the necessary love and kindness. Almost every addict and recovery professional mentioned this as the thing they most wanted parents to know.
As the mom of an addict, the challenge for me was how to actually set boundaries which do not enable. And I had to choose boundaries that I could live with. I had to relearn what a loving mom does and how that mom behaves. And then I had to learn how to actually become that person. It was a huge shift for me. I had to learn how to deliver and hold those boundaries with both love and respect.
Doing both at the same time can be a real challenge when the adult child is in active addiction. It took me 7 years of intensive work to find my way all the way through this dilemma. It took years to get to my own place of peace. It took years to be able to move forward with my own life, independent of what was happening in my son’s life. And it took me years to learn and believe that setting and holding --- with love --- boundaries that are right for me -- is the only area in which I have any power at all.
A full 65% of the parents report that they are in constant pain and feel powerless to help their child. I was a member of that group for an awfully long time.Here is a sample of what people wrote about boundaries and love. Of what often felt to me like a contradiction. The contradiction of boundaries with love.
The 2nd Place Answer Is:
“Parents: Please Get Help
Both recovery professionals and adult children encourage parents to get help for themselves. To find support groups…. To consider Al-Anon or Nar-Anon … To consider therapy. To get help for themselves.
And this all makes sense for 2 reasons.
Being the parent of an addict can be isolating. A third of parents report isolation as one of their biggest challenges. Recovery professionals think this number is higher and under reported by parents. I tend to agree. I know a lot of parents who have kept their child’s addiction secret for many years, even from close family members.
Having the support of a group of like-minded people, those who know and understand what you are going through as a parent, is crucial.
Having the support of such a group was what allowed me to move from constant pain and worry to a place of relative peace.
I didn’t want to join a group.
A person I trust kept insisting that I join. And I’m extremely glad I did.Because it turns out that I learn more from listening to the challenges of the other parents. I learn by thinking about options for them in a way I never did while thinking about answers for me. The other parents, in turn, offer such value to me week after week. And so it goes. We all get stronger.
Yep, I continue to go to my group every week I am in town. Going to my group is a gift I give myself.
Addiction is a family disease. This doesn’t mean that the family causes the addiction. It doesn’t mean that the family can cure the addiction.
It does mean that addiction is a disease that affects the entire family. It also means that all any of us can do is to look at ourselves and our actions. Because we can only change ourselves. That’s simply a basic truth.
A full 77% of recovery professionals emphasize the importance of parents finding their own help and support. That’s more than 3 out of every 4 professionals. I find that so informative!
This answer ranks second as the most important thing recovery professionals want the parents to know.
And 39% of the adult children also ask their parents to get help and support for themselves. The addicts report that it is painful for them because they can’t help their beloved parents through this situation. The parents’ suffering weighs heavily on the addicts.
I built a program based on this research. It includes membership in an exclusive community of parents. Parents in my community interact with other solution-oriented parents. They implement a step-by-step process that allows them to shift their responses and regain their peace.
I became convinced that an action-oriented program for parents was needed. And so I built one.
My program is fully explained in a workshop at this link.
Because for many of us, our current peer groups and families are unable to truly understand and are ill-equipped to support us.
Let’s face it. Until you’ve been here, you just can’t understand. Parents often feel intense shame. Friends and family frequently feed the feeling many parents have of not having been “good enough”.
Here are few related comments from the survey:
The 3rd Place Answer Is:
“No One Else Can Fix Me and I Have to Be Ready In Order to Get Well.”
Both the adult children and the recovery professionals place this answer third. And it often seems impossible as a parent to accept this.
If you are anything like me, you go into “fix it’ mode. You figure you’ll just search high and low. You figure you’ll turn over every idea and stone that comes your way and never “abandon” your child. You commit that you’ll never give up. You just know you will be different. You know that you’ll find the magic way to “fix” your child. If you just keep on looking.
That magic does not exist. There are things you can do to encourage recovery. It’s not magic though. It’s hard work based on solid understanding of addiction.
And yet we continue to hope and pray. And it’s natural when you think about this fact:
94% of parents report that they worry all the time about their addicted child.
That’s a huge number.
That worry, though, is not doing anyone any good, The truth is that the parent cannot force the addict into recovery. The parent may force the child to get clean of drugs and alcohol. But the parent cannot force the child to embrace actual recovery.
This is actually remarkably similar to the disease of addiction. It’s the same thing as when our child says “yes” to their substance of choice, even when some part of them knows they should say “no.”
The survey responses do identify 2 things parents can do about worry.
- Deliver and hold effective boundaries with love and kindness and
- Get their own help.
The survey data shows that these are really the only productive uses of the parent’s time and energy.
Survey respondents say it best.
The 4th Place Answer Is:
"This is Not Your Fault; You Did Not Cause My Disease.”
Many adult children speak elegantly about the fact that their addiction is not their parent’s fault. They speak about this at length.
So, I asked some recovery professionals why this answer ranked lower on the professionals’ survey. I got two reasons. These reasons make perfect sense.
- As recovery professionals, they think that parents feeling responsible is rather ridiculous. They know that parents didn’t cause this disease, any more than parents cause cancer or diabetes.
- Unless a professional works mostly with the families of addicts, he or she may not witness the pain these parents experience. He or she may not know the parent’s pain is constant, day after day. He or she may not see how many parents believe they are the cause of the problem. He or she may not know how many parents feel they are failures.
This pain is very real and is experienced by at least half of the parents. But understanding the facts does not make the pain disappear. Getting past the pain is a process, helped when the parents have support.
In the survey, the question asked is: “What would you most like your parents to know?”
And often the answer is these exact words: “It is not their fault.”
The adult children elaborate in a number of ways.
Several of the adult children mention that knowing that their parents “carry this guilt” is horrible. They say that it makes their own recovery more difficult or painful.
This disease strikes all kinds of families, from the finest and most loving to the worst. It is indiscriminate in the devastation it causes to both the child and the parent.
Parents - Please Know This.
Parents - Please Believe This.
Because It Is Absolutely True.
Addiction is not your fault.
You did not cause the disease of addiction
Listen to what the adult children had to say:
The 5th Place Answer Is:
“Addiction is a Disease I Have; It is Not a Moral Failing.”
Interestingly, 53% of recovery professionals want parents to know this, followed by 29% of the adult children.
Addiction is a disease that can strike anyone. There are lots of factors. And like with any disease, recovery is possible.
But unlike most diseases, addiction is a disease of the mind. This makes recovery harder because the addict’s mind is fooling them. It fools them by telling them things that are just not true.
In addiction, your child looks like the person you love. But what you are experiencing is the addiction. The person him or herself is still there - hidden somewhere deep beneath the addiction.
Just like it’s not the parent’s fault, it is also not the addict’s fault. The addicted person has a disease. And still it is the addict’s responsibility to manage his/her disease. It is the addicted person’s choice to choose recovery or stay active in the disease. But it is not the addict’s fault that they became addicted.
The addict does not cause their disease any more than the parent does.
Parents Who Want to Help Versus Parents Who Do Help
There is one more key statistic. Professionals were asked:
What percentage of the parents you encounter
WANT TO BE truly helpful to their adult child in that child's recovery journey?
What percentage of the parents you encounter
ARE truly helpful to their adult child
in that child's recovery journey?
65% of parents want to be truly helpful. 32% are helpful.
That’s according to the recovery professionals. That’s according to the people who work with our children every day.
The adult children themselves were asked to rate how helpful their parent was on a scale of 1-5. 1 is the most helpful. The adult children rated their parents’ helpfulness at an average of 2.4.
I am convinced that the difference between 32% and 65% is almost entirely because parents don’t know how to help. Today, there is a lot of help available for the addicts when they are ready to accept it. But there still isn’t much help for parents who want to do the best they can for their adult child ... and simply don’t know how.
Please know there is the possibility of recovery for every child. There is always hope.
Many of us have seen people in long-term addiction choose recovery. The reasons for the bottom each person chooses are impossible to find and define. The addicts themselves usually don’t know what caused their switch to flip and how they ended up ready to embrace recovery.
As a parent, it will have to be enough to know that our child may come back to you/ Know that there are things you can do to help yourself. Know that these same things are what will allow your child a real chance at choosing recovery.
The things we can do may not be the things we know how to do. But we can learn.
And we can heal.
It is my hope that this work will be useful to the parents of addicts.
What’s Your Next Step
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